Himalaya - Hind Mahasagar Rashtra Samuh
Bharat is an ancient civilization, which has a glorious past and a bright and shining future. Historically, Bharat has played a decisive role in the Himalayan ranges and the Hind Mahasagar. It is the only country from which an ocean borrows its name: the Hind Mahasagar. Archaeological evidence has proven that economic and cultural exchanges flourished between Bharat and the peripheral states of Himalayan ranges and the coastal regions of the Hind Mahasagar through myriad trade routes.
During the colonial era, the British Empire strategically developed the concept of South Asia in the early twentieth century, and thus delimitated the idea of Himalya-Hind Mahasagar Rashtra Samuh to exert their supremacy over the princely states. On the contrary, Himalya-Hind Mahasagar Rashtra Samuh is cartographically spread beyond the colonial concept of South Asia. Studies in the trade and cultural exchanges of Ancient and Medieval India have proven amicable and strong relations among fifty-four countries of the Himalya-Hind Mahasagar Rashtra Samuh through sea and snow routes. In the recent times, these countries are looking towards India to re-establish these ancient trade routes to explore new economic avenues. The aggressive geopolitical situations in these regions make it imperative for us to lay the foundation for the re-formulation of Himalya-Hind Mahasagar Rashtra Samuh.
Historically and culturally, Bharat is a rich and diverse peninsula situated in the heart of the eastern hemisphere of the globe. It is geographically divided from the rest of Asia by the insurmountable Himalayan ranges. The Hind-Mahasagar not only acts as the maritime boundary but also provides a passage for the world’s most important Sea Line of Communication (SLOC) for trade. In addition to this, the Himalayan ranges also provide enormous possibilities for trade and cultural exchanges.
In ancient times, Bharat was connected with the other parts of the globe through trade. For instance, textiles, spices and artefacts from Bharat were famous in the countries in the far-west. Cultural exchanges lead to travelling tales as well as the birth of similar mythological stories and further amalgamation of art and culture. The most remarkable aspect of this phenomenon was the spread of Indian culture and civilization in the region of the Himalaya-Hind Mahasagar. The accounts of travellers and scholars of those times show that the relationship shared between was the region of the Himalaya-Hind Mahasagar and the other countries across the world, was mutual and symbiotic. In her overwhelming historical trajectory, Bharat never supported and propagated the idea of conquest or imperial subjugation of other nations.
Traders from Bharat travelled to different parts of the world in search of new avenues and business ventures, from Iran and Turkey in the west, to China and Japan in the east. As early as the 1st Century BC, they travelled to countries like Indonesia and Cambodia for gold, and to the islands of Java, Sumatra and Malaya for gold trade. This is the reason these cluster of islands were called Svarnadipa (svarna stands for gold and dvipa means island in Sanskrit). These traders travelled from different cities like Kashi, Mathura, Ujjain, Prayag and Pataliputra and from different port cities on the east coast like Mamallapuram, Tamralipti, Puri and Kaveripattanam. The kingdom of Kalinga had trade relations with Sri Lanka and Indonesia during the time of emperor Ashoka. During this period, traders were considered as cultural ambassadors and they established cultural links with different parts of the world.
Like the east coast, many cultural establishments were established near the west coast. For instance, Karle, Bhaja, Kanheri, Ajanta and Ellora are some such well known places. Among these centers, traces of Buddhist monastic establishments have also been discovered. Most significantly, the universities were considered as the centers of dialogue and cultural exchange. During this period, Gurus, Buddhist Monks and scholars were revered and it is said that the Tibetan king once sent a delegation to invite the heads of the universities to promote common culture and knowledge of wisdom. The scholar Bodhidharma, who specialized in the philosophy of Yoga, is a figure of veneration in China and Japan.
A group of Indian banjaras (travelling, nomadic groups) travelled abroad as wanderers. They called themselves Romas and their language was Romani, but in Europe, they came to be known as Gypsies. Romas travelled to the West, crossing the present day Pakistan and Afghanistan. From there, their caravans made their way through Iran and Iraq to Turkey. Making a journey through Persia, Taurus Mountain and Constantinople, they settled in different countries in Europe. Archeological excavations in the different regions of the west lead to the discoveries of objects related to the Indus Civilization. It highlights the trade and cultural relations that existed between India and the Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations in the third millennium BC. Furthermore, India also had significant trade relationships with Persia, Greece and Rome.
In ancient and medieval India, trade was not just an economic venture but also an opportunity for cultural exchanges. Samudra Gupta (AD 340-380) had a powerful army along with a strong navy. Some inscriptions discovered in the trans-Gangetic peninsula and the Malaya archipelago testify to the use of sea-routes by the Gupta Empire. Hiuen-Tsang, who visited India during the reign of Emperor Harsha (AD 606-647), wrote a treatise on the Indian region. The Chola dynasty is also believed to have a strong navy which was put to use for economic and cultural exchanges.
In the twenty-second century, the Hind-Mahasagar carries half of the world’s container shipments, one-third of the cargo traffic and two-third of the oil shipments. Approximately 90% of India’s trade and oil imports take place through sea routes. Thus, Hind Mahasagar is one of the most important global maritime routes connecting the east and the west. The Hind Mahasagar is connected to the Strait of Malacca, the Red Sea, the Suez Canal, the Mediterranean as well as the Atlantic shore. The Hind Mahasagar connects the boundaries of three continents. It is noteworthy that the countries bordering the Hind Mahasagar are home to more than half of the world’s population (approximately 57 billion people). The diverse culture in this region has immense untapped possibilities for the future.
Under the leadership of the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Bharat has tremendous potential for transforming world politics. Coupled with its democratic ethos and ancient values and traditions, Bharat, under the present leadership aims at strengthening the international relations through new approaches and foreign policies. In the discourse of international relations, a decisive strategy is to describe a country’s foreign policy as one that reflects its state policies and is rooted in its national interests. The Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, without deviating from the cardinal principle of the foreign policy of the country, has not only brought in new vigour, but has also infused India’s ancient values in strengthening our country’s position in various regions. The Prime Minister raised the issue of terrorism and global jihad in the United Nations and on various other international platforms. India also succeeded in getting the Jais-e- Mohammad chief, Masood Azhar, declared as a global terrorist by the United Nations. Prime Minister Narendra Modi himself said that “the United Nations’ (UN) decision to declare Masood Azhar as a global terrorist was a big success for India’s efforts to root out terrorism.”
Bharat’s look east, look west and far-east policies aim to strengthen ties with the countries adjoining the Himalaya-Hind Mahasagar. It seems to re-connect with those who shared common values such as history, culture, commerce and trade with Bharat in the past. For a very long time, these regions have been ignored. Considering that the 21st Century has ushered as an Asian Century, Bharat is at the forefront of making this prediction a reality.
With a vision to become a $5 trillion economy by 2024, the New Bharat (the concept coined by Prime Minister Modi) has sent out a message that it is open for business to all the countries of the world. This could also be seen in the launch of various programs and schemes such as Make in Bharat, Skill Bharat, to name a few. To encourage foreign investment in Bharat and to achieve its objectives, the Prime Minister has made a clarion call to the world to come and transact business with Bharat. Such an initiative of the Prime Minister of a New Bharat is a historic initiative, a watershed decision in international relations in the post-independence India. Towards this effort, the Act East Policy alongside the West Policy is New India’s mega strategy to reclaim her glory.
To revive the past glory of Bharat, Forum for Awareness of National Security (FANS) is going to organize an International Conference to deliberate on the importance of the emergence of New Bharat and its implications on the rest of the world.
The two-day International Conference will focus on themes related to the study of Maritime Routes by adopting a multidisciplinary approach. This will not only strengthen current ties between countries across the Ocean, but also set a precedent for new forms of cooperation and continued relations and interactions. This conference will try to unearth long-lost ties across nations of the Hind Mahasagar and forge new avenues of economic and cultural cooperation and exchange. The Conference will also explore the multi-faceted Hind Mahasagar ‘world’ – collating archaeological and historical research in order to document the diversity of cultural, commercial and religious interactions in the Hind Mahasagar – extending from East Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and the Indian region- Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Java, Champa to Indonesia the archipelago. This Conference would also attempt to chart and delineate the various modes through which Indian culture had spread outside India and had positively impacted trade relations between Bharat and the nations of the Himalaya-Hind Mahasagar Rashtra Samuh.
This conference is being organized by Forum for Awareness of National Security on 28, 29 September 2019 in Agra. I hope that those people who are interested in this subject can participate in this conference. Those who specialize in these subjects can present their paper and participate in direct conference.
Topics may include:
* Identify the sea trade routes through which traders went and became the first cultural ambassadors to spread Indian culture in Himalaya-Hind Mahasagar Rashtra Samuh.
* Explain the role of ancient universities, teachers and missionaries in the spread of Indian culture in Himalaya-Hind Mahasagar Rashtra Samuh.
* Trace the spread of Indian culture in Himalaya-Hind Mahasagar Rashtra Samuh. Trace the spread of Buddhism in many countries as a religion of peace.
Examine the impact of Sanskrit language on the language and literature of these countries.
* Further strengthening trade and economic cooperation among Bharat and Himalaya-Hind Mahasagar Rashtra Samuh.
* Exploring the opportunities and addressing the challenges of India’s trade relations with the Himalaya-Hind Mahasagar Rashtra Samuh countries.
* Possible future scenarios for Himalaya-Hind Mahasagar Rashtra Samuh countries and what could be the suggested model of India’s cooperation with these countries.
* Reviving Culture and Trade linkage with various countries especially those who are situated near Himalaya-Hind Mahasagar Rashtra Samuh.
* Maritime Safety and Security.
Trade and Investment Facilitation.
Academic and S&T Cooperation.
* Tourism Promotion.
* Joining hands in dealing with Global Issues like Water Crisis, Pollution, De-forestation, Human-trafficking and Terrorism.
* Education and the exchange of innovative ideas for socio-economic problems.
In this context, the two days internatianl conferece will discuss and delibarte upon these following themes;
# Society and Culture
# Commerce and Trade
# Environment and Ecology
# ५Reseserach and Science & technology
List of HHRS Countries.....
Himalayan-Hind Mahasagar Rashtra Samuh(HHRS)
Countries with population:
|1. Bharat-133.92 crores||2. Nepal-2.93 crores|
|3. Bhutan-8.08 lakhs||4. Bangla Desh-16.47 crores|
|5. Srilanka-2.14 crores||6. Myanmar-5.34 crores|
|7. Thailand-6.9 crores||8. Laos -68.6 lakhs|
|9. Cambodia-1.6 crores||10. Vietnam-9.55 crores|
|11. Malaysia-3.16 crores||12. Singapore-56.1 lakhs|
|13. Indonesia-26.4 crores||14. Brunei-4.29 lakhs|
|15. RIAU Islands-20.3 lakhs||16. Spartly Islands-184 people|
|17. Philippines-10.49 crores||18. Timor-Leste-13 lakhs|
|19. Papua-34.9 lakhs||20. Christmas Islands-1,402 people|
|21. Cocos Islands-596 people||22. Tibet-31.8 lakhs|
|23. Australia-2.46 crores||24. Mauritius-12.6 lakhs|
|25. Madagascar-2.56 crores||26. South Africa-5.67 crores|
|27. Mozambique-2.97 crores||28. Tanzania -5.73 crores|
|29. Kenya-4.97 crores||30. Somalia-1.47 crores|
|31. Glorioso Islands- No||32. Seychelles-95,843 people|
|33. Maldives-4.36 lakhs||34. Socotra Islands-44,120 people|
|35. Djibouti-9.57 lakhs||36. Eritrea-44.7 lakhs|
|37. Sudan-4.05 crores||38. Egypt-9.76 crores|
|39. Saudi Arabia-3.29 crores||40. Yemen-2.83 crores|
|41. Oman-46.4 lakhs||42. UAE-94 lakhs|
|43. Qatar-26.4 lakhs||44. Bahrain-14.9 lakhs|
|45. Kuwait-41.4 lakhs||46. Iraq-3.83 crores|
|47. Iran-8.12 crores||48. Pakistan-19.7 crores|
|49. Afghanistan-3.55 crores||50. Tajikistan-89.2 lakhs|
|51. Kyrgyzstan-62 lakhs||52.Uzbekistan-3.24 crores|
|53. Turkmenistan-57.6 lakhs||54. Kazakhstan-1.8 crores|
Total population of 54 countries=313.17 Crores
Total population of Whole World= 770 Crores
% of population of 54 countries= 40.68%